Abuse can happen anywhere
Abuse may be committed by anyone
Abuse can take many forms
Whatever the circumstances, abuse is always wrong, and we need to consider how we can support the person bring the abuse to an end.
Whether someone is experiencing abuse, depends on the specific circumstances of what is happening. These are only examples below of what amounts to abuse:
Physical abuse - includes hitting, kicking, misuse of medication, inappropriate sanctions or unlawful / inappropriate restraint
Domestic abuse - is "an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse... by someone who is or has been an intimate partners or family member regardless of sexuality.
Sexual abuse - includes rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the adult at risk has not consented, or could not consent or was pressured into consenting.
Psychological abuse - includes threats of harm or abandonment, humiliation, blaming, controlling, coercion, harassment, verbal abuse.
Financial and material abuse - includes theft, fraud, exploitation, pressure in connection with financial matters, or the misuse of someone else's finances.
Modern slavery - includes human trafficking, forced labour and domestic servitude.
Neglect and acts of omission - includes ignoring medical or physical care needs, and the withholding of necessities, such as medication and adequate nutrition.
Discriminatory abuse - includes abuse, such a harassment, slurs or hate crime based on a person's race, sex, disability, faith, sexual orientation, or age.
Organisational abuse - where any of these forms of abuse noted above are caused by the way an organisation practices, this is called 'organisational abuse'.
Self-neglect - includes situations where a person is declining support with their care needs, hygiene, health or their environment, and this is having a significant impact on their overall wellbeing.